The Himalayas is one on the youngest mountain ranges inside the globe. Its evolution might be traced on the Jurassic Era (eighty million a long time in the past) once the world's landmasses had been break up into two: Laurasia inside the Northern hemisphere, and Gondwanaland inside the southern hemisphere. The landmass which can be now India broke away from Gondwanaland and floated throughout the earth's floor till it collided with asia. The challenging volcanic rocks of India had been thrust towards the comfortable sedimentary crust of Asia, making the best mountain selection inside the globe.
The major Ranges inside the Himalayas contain Zanskar, East Karokaram, Ladakh Selection. Other key ranges contain Pir Panjal, Dhaula Dhar, Shiwalik Hills.
The Zanskar selection lies on the North on the major Himalaya. It types the spine of Ladakh south on the Indus River, stretching from the ridges past Lamayuru inside the west throughout the Zanskar area, exactly where it's divided from the major Himalaya by the Stod and Tsarap valleys, the populated districts on the Zanskar valley. The Zanskar selection is breached exactly where the Zanskar River flows North, making wonderful gorges till it reaches the Indus River just beneath Leh.
On the east on the Zanskar area the selection continues by way of Lahaul & Spiti, providing a complex buffer zone between the major Himalaya and the Tibetan plateau. It continues throughout the North of Kinnaur before extending west throughout Uttaranchal, exactly where it again types the intermediary selection between the Himalaya and the Tibetan plateau, which includes Kamet, the second highest peak in India. The selection finally peters out North east on the Kali River - close on the border between India and Nepal. On the Zanskar selection, the Fatu La, on the Leh-Srinagar road, is considered the most easterly pass; while the Singge La, the Cha Cha La and the Rubrang La are the major trekking passes into the Zanskar valley. For the hardy Ladakh trader, the major route in winter between the Zanskar valley and Leh is down the icebound Zanskar River gorges. Further on the east, many on the Zanskar selection passes on the North of Spiti and Kinnaur are close on the India-Tibet border, and are closed to Trekkers
The ladakh selection lies on the North of Leh and is an integral part on the Trans-Himalayan selection that merges with the Kailash selection in Tibet. The passes contain the famous Kardung La, the best motorable pass inside the globe, while the Digar La on the North east of Leh is at present the only pass open to trekkers.
Karakoram is the second tallest mountain selection on Earth. Situated in Southern Asia, it types part on the western Himalayas and extends from Northern Pakistan by way of to Kashmir and China. Karakoram suggests "black rock" in Turkish and is often spelt as 'Karakorum' in some text books. The selection includes K2, also known as Mount Godwin Austen (8,611 m/28,251 ft), the second highest peak inside the globe.
East Korakoram Selection
The East Karakoram Selection is the huge selection that types the geographical divide between India and Central Asia. It includes many high peaks including - Teram Kargri, Saltoro Kangri and Rimo, while the Karakoram Pass was the major trading link between the markets of Leh, Yarkand and Kashgar. At present this area is closed to trekkers, although a few foreign mountaineering groups had been permitted to climb there inside the last decade.